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Aviation Learning Center Document AC 61-134 - Controlled Flight into Terrain Awareness
Author: Federal Aviation Administration Date: April 1, 2003
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Top 10 Recommended Intervention Strategies
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a. The following is a list of 10 safety recommendations from the FAA's and industry's Safer Skies: A Focused Safety Agenda, General Aviation Controlled Flight Into Terrain Joint Safety Implementation Team Report, February 2000. The list was derived from 55 ideas the CFIT Joint Safety Analysis Team (JSAT) developed after reviewing 195 GA CFIT accidents from 1993 and 1994. As the report noted, GA includes everything from pilot training, corporate, agricultural and external-load operations, fire-fighting, airborne surveillance, air shows, aircraft maintenance related flights, to personal and recreational flying. Types of aircraft vary from single-place home-builts to helicopters to business jets. GA aircraft also includes gliders, balloons, and aerial application aircraft. As the report says, GA is "...basically everything except the military and scheduled air carriers." Although some of the safety recommendations go beyond the capability of instructors or trainers interested in developing training materials for GA CFIT safety presentations or CFIT lesson plans, they all contain information that will improve CFIT safety in flight, on or near airports and obstructions.

b. The CFIT JSAT's Top 10 Recommended Intervention Strategies:

  • (1) Increase pilot awareness on accident causes.

  • (2) Improve safety culture within the aviation community.

  • (3) Promote development and use of a low cost terrain clearance and/or a look ahead device.

  • (4) Improve pilot training (i.e., weather briefing, equipment, decision-making, wire and tower avoidance, and human factors.

  • (5) Improve the quality and substance of weather briefs.

  • (6) Enhance the flight review and/or instrument competency check.

  • (7) Develop and distribute mountain-flying technique advisory material.

  • (8) Standardize and expand use of markings for towers and wires.

  • (9) Use high visibility paint and other visibility enhancing features on obstructions.

  • (10) Eliminate the pressure to complete the flight where continuing may compromise safety.

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