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Aviation Learning Center Document Descent to MDA or DH and Beyond - P-8740-09
Author: Federal Aviation Administration Date: 1996
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On the Approach
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Complete the Checklist

Before starting the approach, complete as much of the landing checklist as you can. If you have airspeed, altitude, and/or heading "bugs" installed, set them to the appropriate values to give yourself a visual reminder of speeds, altitudes, and headings. As you review and set these values, think about how the wind will affect your aircraft, and how you must maneuver to compensate for it. Note: If there is a large aircraft ahead, plan on staying above the glideslope (GS) to avoid wake turbulence.

Lower the Landing Gear

If you are flying an airplane with retractable gear, it is a good idea to lower the gear when you are 1/2 dot above the GS or at a GS intercept on a precision approach.

On a non-precision approach, lower the gear at the final approach fix (FAF).

If, however, you are going to circle to land in a multi-engine airplane with one engine inoperative, do not extend the landing gear until you are abeam the point of intended landing on the runway in use. This maneuver is very dangerous, and should be attempted only when it is not possible to divert to another airport with better weather or a runway alignment that permits a straight-in approach.

Make Callouts

Once established on the approach, use the profile view for best reference information. Verbal callouts help you maintain situational awareness. If you have another pilot on board, ask him or her to make verbal callouts for 1,000, 500, and 100 feet above minimums for the approach. If you are operating as a single pilot, make the verbal callouts yourself.

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