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Aviation Learning Center Document General Aviation Passenger SAFETY Briefing
Author: Susan Parson Date: January 2007
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This is the item explicitly required in the regulations, so it is a good place to start your passenger briefing. The regulations give the pilot in command (PIC) two specific tasks with regard to seat belts and shoulder harnesses. The first is a duty to brief passengers on how the seat belts work. You cannot legally take off unless:

...the pilot in command of that aircraft ensures that each person on board is briefed on how to fasten and unfasten that person's seat belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. (14 CFR 91.107(a)(1)).

The second statutory requirement is a duty to notify passengers that seat belts must be fastened. Specifically, the rule states that no pilot may take off, land, or "cause (an aircraft) to be moved on the surface" unless:

...the pilot in command of that aircraft ensures that each person on board has been notified to fasten his or her safety belt and, if installed, his or her shoulder harness. (14 CFR 91.107(a)(2).)

In addition to these required topics, it is a good idea to brief your passengers on how to adjust and lock the seat position. This discussion is especially important for the passenger in the right front seat. Just imagine how startling (not to mention dangerous) it would be for everyone aboard if an unbriefed and unsecured passenger reacted to sudden rearward seat travel by instinctively grabbing the yoke.

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